The majority of cat owners want to keep their pet safe and healthy so the animal can have a long, happy life but some people do not know much about cat health. Caring for cats can be challenging but pet owners who are aware of potential hazards have an easier time avoiding disaster. Here are ten ways people can keep their cats healthy throughout the years.
1) Keep Cats Indoors
Outdoor cats face many dangers. They can be hit by a car, eat poisonous plants or run into a human that is cruel to animals. Outdoor cats can get into dangerous fights with feral cats, unleashed dogs, raccoons and other wildlife. Since outdoor cats are exposed to wild animals, contaminated garbage and other unsanitary outdoor areas it is likely that they will become sick at some point.
2) Provide a Clean and Safe Home Environment
Cats that live in a dirty or cluttered home are more likely to become stressed or ill. They may be exposed to dangerous bacteria or mold that will harm their health. Cats that live in a clean environment are happier and healthier but pet owners should remember to use household cleaners that are safe for pets.
3) Stay Up To Date on Immunizations
Immunizations are essential to cat health. They protect cats from many deadly diseases. Cats should receive their first set of immunizations by the time they are three months of age but it is never too late for a cat to receive their shots.
4) Spay and Neuter
Animals that are not spayed or neutered are more likely to roam and indoor cats may become lost or injured if they get outside. Unfixed Male cats will spray urine in different areas of the home to mark their territory and females will spray while in heat. Female cats that are not spayed can develop mammary cancer or reproductive tract tumors or infections.
5) Keep Your Cat Free of Parasites
Both indoor and outdoor cats can get worms after ingesting parasites. Cats with worms do not always have obvious symptoms so it is important for people to bring their cats to the vet for regular check ups that include worming tests and treatments.
6) Avoid Kennel Stays
Cats can contract a wide variety of illnesses from spending time in a pet boarding facility. People should try to keep their cat at home when they travel rather than placing the animal in a local kennel. A professional pet sitter can visit the home each day to care for cats while the owners is away.
7) Healthy Diet
Cats should eat pet food that contains all of the essential vitamins and minerals they need. The more expensive pet foods usually contain higher quality ingredients. People should be careful not to over feed their cats because overweight animals experience a wide variety of health problems.
Many indoor cats do not get enough exercise. People can encourage their cat to exercise by playing with their pet each day. Pet owners should invest in a laser pointer because most cats love to chase the light throughout the house.
9) Lock Poisonous Substances Away
Some cats get into everything. Raisins, grapes, vitamins, alcohol and cigarettes can all make cats sick. Certain houseplants are toxic to cats so people need to learn which species are safe and which are deadly. Chemical cleaners such as bleach and disinfectant products should always be kept safely locked away.
10) Create Safe Surroundings
Thousands of cats are hurt each year after they eat a sewing needle, walk across a hot stove burner or step in broken glass. Pet owners need to make sure that they put needles and other small, sharp objects up away from their pets. People should never leave the stove alone while cooking and should keep glass ornaments away from their pets as well.